How Does Our Brain Learn?

Researchers claim that learning causes changes in the brain structure.  Brain cells, called neurons, and their areas of connections known as synapses, account for all activities in our brain, including information acquisition, learning and memorization.  Any new knowledge or experience requires a new brain pattern, in other words, a specific net of neurons and synapses.  The basic principle of thinking is reinforcement.  During repetition of an action, the links between neurons are strengthened in a particular circuit, meaning that the brain requires less energy to carry out the action associated with this reinforced neuron pattern.  This fact has been confirmed experimentally.  According to neuroscientists from the University of California, Berkeley, preparation for Law School Admission Test (LSAT) actually changes the microscopic structure of the brain, physically bolstering each of neuron connections between areas of the brain responsible for reasoning during this period of acquiring new skills.

Kyaikkami All our perception organs and our emotions are involved in obtaining new knowledge and skills.  Hence, we should enjoy learning and use all senses improve our learning.  During learning, our brain analyzes and compares input information flow with existing data already stored in the memory.  If new information is useful, it becomes our new knowledge. Researchers from The Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research claim to have discovered how learning works.  They have found that there are three main stages in this process.  At first, the brain activates specific areas responsible for attention located in the hippocampus.  Then the brain activates a cetnral part of hippocampus when a person becomes familiar with the first part of the information and begins to use it.  Finally, the top part of the hippocampus becomes engaged and that is when the person uses a new skill confidently.  In this stage, when the attention areas become less active, focus shifts to areas linked with imagination and the common usage of obtained knowledge becomes the norm.  Yet researchers are still unable to answer some questions on how the brain works in learning.  They continue to study the process, as it is essential to understand all the details of this important mechanism.

If we were magicians, we would be able to record new knowledge directly into the brain.  Instead, we are now only beginning to understand how our brain learns and records new information.  Ultimately, it is clear that to get new skills and knowledge, you can do this by training your brain better.  This will help you to develop your overall mental abilities. Source:

Svetlana Stroganova, Nikolai Shmelev

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